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Marginal cord insertion

Marginal cord insertion Radiology Reference Article

  1. ology Insertion of the umbilical cord within <2 cm from the placental margin is described as marginal cord insertion (usually defined a..
  2. A marginal cord insertion is a cord abnormality that involves the umbilical cord being inserted on the edge of the placenta rather than in the center. The specialist explained to me that ideally the cord is located in the centre of the placenta; however, there are times when it migrates to a more optimal location for gaining nutrition, which is likely what happened in our case
  3. 30 WEEK PREGNANCY UPDATE 2020 | In this video, I'm sharing my 30 week pregnancy update with you! I share our anatomy scan results and with how we found out h..
  4. A marginal cord insertion simply means the umbilical cord is attached off-center on the placenta, and that the baby might not be getting the full benefit of nutrients the placenta has to offer. In extreme cases, this can be a problem since it means less nutrition goes to the baby, causing a host of complications
  5. ology When directly at the disc margin (on the height or thickness dimensional aspect), the insertion is described as marginal or battledore (resembling a bad
  6. Marginal umbilical cord insertion Only 7% of pregnancies have what is known as Battledore cord insertion or marginal cord insertion. The umbilical cord connects within 2 cm of the placenta's edge instead of near the center. Usually, this is not a problem—many women with this condition deliver healthy babies
  7. A marginal cord insertion (i.e. <2.5 cm from the placental edge) has a scanty placental tissue support. Vessels are also termed velamentous when they run in the chorioamniotic membranes between parts of bi‐lobate placentas or link with a bi‐placenta

Marginal Cord Insertion: My Personal Experienc

Marginal cord insertion : hi, i am 23 weeks, and my doctor has only just mentioned that I have a marginal cord insertion (as seen on 19 week anomaly scan). My main concern is that my baby bump is tiny (I do have a very athletic history doing ironman and weights), and while I feel baby kicks, they are only soft and mainly after I eat or drink (not a lot) term sometimes used synonymously with marginal cord insertion. marginal cord insertion (~7%): insertion of the umbilical cord <2 cm from the placental margin. velamentous cord insertion (~1%): insertion of the umbilical cord on the fetal (chorioamniotic) membranes

Marginal cord insertion can pose some risks to a pregnancy, especially since the baby may not be able to get all of the needed nutrients in some cases. In th.. Velamentous and marginal cord insertion may be difficult to differentiate as the vessels in a velamentous cord lacking Wharton's jelly are smaller and thinner than normal umbilical vessels making them more difficult to identify using gray-scale imaging alone (5) Velamentous and, to a lesser extent, marginal cord insertions were associated with increased risk of PROM, pPROM, SPTB, and short cord. This suggests a common pathogenesis behind altered function of the membranes, cord, and placenta. The decline in SPTB could not be explained by the reduction in the occurrence of anomalous cord insertion Hello, Marginal cord insertion means insertion of the umbilical cord on the edge of the placenta rather than in the middle of the placental mass. Normally there is not much of a problem with marginal cord insertion. But this may limit the amount of nourishment that the baby receives from the placenta, which might affect his/her growth. traction on the cord can also decrease blood flow through. Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of labor in cases of marginal umbilical cord insertions.Material and methods: This case-control study was carried out between December 1st, 2017 and April 30th, 2018. All singletons with marginal cord insertion (MCI) and three new-borns without MCI were recruited. The main variables studied included gestational age at delivery, occurrence of preeclampsia.

Marginal Cord Insertion - YouTub

  1. In a 2017 meta-analysis, normal cord insertion occurs about 90% of the time. However, sometimes the cord inserts within 2 cm of the placenta edge called a marginal cord insertion (MCI) or not into the placenta at all which is called a velamentous cord insertion (VCI) (3)
  2. Typically, marginal cord insertion has little negative effect. However, there is a high risk of hemorrhage, or blood loss, for infants with velamentous cord insertion because the umbilical blood vessels are unprotected by umbilical tissue. In general, abnormal cord insertion can cause the placenta to develop abnormally. The growth of the fetus is dependent upon the health of the placenta
  3. Velamentous cord insertions occur in about 1.1% of singleton pregnancies and 8.7% in twin gestations, having a higher occurrence in monochorionic placentation of identical twins when the placentas are fused into one versus when the placentas are non-fused.4 Marginal cord insertions occur in about 7% in singleton pregnancies and 25% of twin pregnancies5, respectively, and have the potential to develop into a velamentous cord insertion as pregnancy progresses
  4. Yes-there is a separate group with lots of info on this on the app. In short about 93% of marginal cord insertion a have no impact but in the other 7% growth is impacted-usually at the end of pregnancy. I am having growth ultrasounds at 28, 32 and 36 weeks
  5. The prevalence of marginal insertion of the umbilical cord is approximately 6% in singleton births and 10% to 15% in twin gestations. Marginal cord insertion, usually defined as cord insertion less than 2 cm from the placental edge, may confer a small increase in the risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes
  6. ates at the uterine wall distant from the placenta, with the umbilical vessels traveling beneath the membranes before inserting into the edge of the placenta
  7. A velamentous cord insertion is when a fetus' umbilical cord abnormally inserts on the edge of the placenta along the chorioamniotic membranes, causing fetal blood vessels to travel unprotected from the placenta until they come together and reach the protection of the umbilical cord

Marginal cord insertion was not associated with birth weight less than the 5th percentile (RR 1.23, 95% CI 1.00-1.51), cesarean delivery (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.92-1.10), or perinatal death (RR 1.53, 95% CI 0.62-3.78). Conclusion: Antenatal diagnosis of velamentous placental cord insertion is associated with birth weight less than the 5th percentile Marginal cord insertion The umbilical cord inserts into the margin of the placenta, usually defined as within 20 mm of the placental edge (although sometimes defined as <10 mm). Occurs in approximately 7 percent of singleton pregnancies but about 25 percent of twin pregnancies (particularly monochorionic twins)

Pregnancy Update, Week 23: Marginal Cord Insertion, Kicks

Pathology Outlines - Marginal insertion

  1. imum, but the insertion site is supported by very little placental tissue. Velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord has been associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes.
  2. The umbilical cord is baby's lifeline and if anything happens to these vessels in utero, the effects can be devastating. Normally, the umbilical cord inserts into the center of the placenta (central insertion) or slightly off-center (eccentric insertion). In a 2017 meta-analysis, normal cord insertion occurs about 90% of the time. However, sometimes the cord inserts within 2 cm of the placenta edge called a marginal cord insertion (MCI) or not into the placenta at all which is called a.
  3. Marginal cord insertion is a type of abnormal cord insertion and occurs in ~7% of pregnancies
  4. Velamentous cord insertion. Velamentous cord insertion also called marginal cord insertion (Battledore placenta), refers to abnormal insertion of the umbilical cord at the edge of placental disk into the membranes rather than directly into the placenta 1).The umbilical vessels course between the membranes before reaching the placenta 2).Velamentous insertion means that the fetal blood vessels.
  5. ates at the uterine wall distant from the placenta, with the umbilical vessels traveling beneath the membranes before inserting into the edge of the placenta

Abstract. Objectives: To determine the feasibility in visualizing placental cord insertion (PCI) during second-trimester fetal anatomical survey and the association between marginal cord insertion (MCI) and preterm delivery (PTD) and low birth weight (LBW). Our secondary objectives were to evaluate the association of MCI with adverse composite obstetrical and neonatal outcomes Marginal Cord Insertion : Hi ladies, I was wondering if anyone has had marginal cord insertion in a previous pregnancy and what the outcome was? we have just been diagnosed with this following my 20 week scan and I'm really worried it will end in a prem baby. My last pregnancy, my son was was born at 29 weeks for something totally different so I'm really upset at the thought this. Marginal cord insertion : Week 26 and came to know about I am having Marginal cord insertion Anyone gone through this and have natural/normal delivery? I am stressed, don't want c-section. At how many weeks you gave birth with Marginal cord insertion?? - BabyCenter Canad Marginal cord insertion had a sensitivity of 72%, specificity of 99.9%, positive predictive value of 89% and negative predictive value of 99.7%. 2 Author: LDahlgren; approved at BCW MFM Combo meeting December 2017 Liu et al 2002 suggested a 360 degree view of the placental cord insertion (PCI) to identify a marginal {{configCtrl2.info.metaDescription}

Cord blood collection. These fact sheets explain the difference between donating cord blood (to the BMDI Cord Blood Bank at The Royal Children's Hospital) and arranging for cord blood collection with a private company. They also explain why the Royal Women's Hospital does not collect cord blood to be stored by private companies Marginal cord insertion: I posted a few weeks ago about having marginal cord insertion. The umbilical cord is attached to the side of the placenta instead of the middle where it's supposed to be. This could cause growth issues with the baby, possibility he could not get enough nutrients or oxygen and premature birth. My son is healthy, growing like a weed (measuring 2 weeks.

Marginal Cord Insertion. Close. 2. Posted by 2 hours ago. Marginal Cord Insertion. Just got my Anatomy Scan results. Baby is measuring ahead, healthy and perfect. Fluid level is good and cervix is long. However, he noted that my baby has Marginal cord insertion, meaning the cord is not in the center of placenta like how it should be I was just diagnosed yesterday at my 20 week scan with what's called a marginal cord insertion, or a battledore placenta. Instead of the cord attaching to the center of the placenta, it is off to the side. The possible implications are IUGR, preterm labor, and low levels of amniotic fluid so every 4 weeks I have an u/s to measure growth and. Routine second trimester ultrasound (US) examinations include an assessment of the umbilical cord given its vital role as a vascular conduit between the maternal placenta and fetus during fetal development. Placental cord insertion abnormalities can be identified during prenatal US screening and are increasingly recognized as independent risk factors for various complications during pregnancy and delivery

Marginal cord insertion is just that the umbilical cord doesn't attach to the center of the placenta like normal it attaches to the side. It causes a lack of oxygen to the infant, lack of nutrients, ect. Also can affect development in the womb because the infant isn't receiving everything and it makes the placenta like not as strong in the. Marginal Cord Insertion. Last Updated on Wed, 16 Dec 2020 | Dividing Membranes. Figure 6.7. (B) Dividing membranes of a monochorionic gestation only show two layers of amnion (A). Figure 6.8. Vascular anastomoses in a monochorionic placenta are shown after removal of the amnions. The lower anastomosis shows large arteries (a) from each cord.

Marginal cord means umbilical cord is attached near the edge but it is still strong. There is another one called velamentous cord insertion. That one is dangerous as part of cord is not protected Objectives: To determine the feasibility in visualizing placental cord insertion (PCI) during second-trimester fetal anatomical survey and the association between marginal cord insertion (MCI) and preterm delivery (PTD) and low birth weight (LBW). Our secondary objectives were to evaluate the association of MCI with adverse composite. Marginal cord insertion : what are the risks of having a marginal cord insertion? It scares me even though my doctor told me not to worry! - BabyCenter Canada. advertisement. Log in Sign up. Birth Clubs All Birth Clubs Groups by topic View all groups Getting pregnant Pregnancy Baby Toddler Family life Grief and Loss Regional groups The umbilical cord insertion site to the placenta can be described as central, eccentric, marginal (battledore), and velamentous (membranous) insertions. Central and eccentric insertions account for more than 90% of term placentas [ 1 ]. Marginal cord insertion (MCI) and velamentous cord insertions (VCI) are categorized as abnormal PCI [ 1 ] Marginal insertion: Placement less than 2 cm sideways of the placental margin; about 7% of pregnancies. A marginal cord insertion can develop into a velamentous insertion. A marginal cord insertion can develop into a velamentous insertion

Marginal cord insertion (MCI) is defined as the insertion of the umbilical cord within a distance of ˂ 3 cm from the placental margins [1]. For others, the cord is said to be marginally inserted when the distance between the external margin of the umbilical cord and that of the placenta is less than 2 cm [2,3] The differential diagnosis includes marginal cord insertion. In this, the cord inserts into the margin of the placenta into placental tissue and not into the membranes. Marginal cord insertion is.. Abstract Objective: To investigate the effect of marginal placental insertion of the umbilical cord on the prognosis of a fetus.Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed to compare the differences in fetal weight (FW), placental weight (PW), fetal/placental weight ratio (FPR) and complications between 295 cases with marginal insertion of umbilical cord, and 297 cases with. May be associated with cord insertions at the disk margin (marginal insertion) or insertions in the membranes (velamentous insertion) Pathophysiology. Protective substance, known as Wharton jelly, which covers the umbilical cord is lost at the cord's insertion en

I'm going to use O69.89x_ for insertion of umbilical cord. It's the only thing I can see that even comes close. Definitely a lot of codes missing for moms and babes! G. gena379 Networker. We do extra ultrasounds to make sure the marginal PCI isn't causing any poor fetal growth. The fact that they have marginal PCI isn't a complication so we. Marginal cord insertion: Following your 20 week scan, has anyone been told they have a marginal cord insertion? Is this something to be concerned about now or later? Thanks? - BabyCenter Canad Abnormal cord insertion was defined as either marginal or velamentous. Marginal means that the cord attachment site is less than two centimeter to the nearest margin of the placental disc. Velamentous is when the umbilical cord is attached to the membrane before reaching the placental disc with clear evidence of vessels traversing the membranes.

Sonographer observed that I have what's called a marginal cord insertion (battledore placenta) and that it was no big deal, but would just mean more monitoring. When I talked to my doctor about it, he gave me mixed signals. On the one hand, he said it was simply a variation of normal and that we used to not know about it before birth, and it. A marginal cord insertion is where this distance is reduced to a minimum, but the insertion site is supported by very little placental tissue. Velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord has been associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes [1] - [3] Marginal cord insertion (MCI) is deined as the insertion of the umbilical cord within a distance of ˂ 3 cm from the placental margins [1]. For others, the cord is said to be marginally inserted when the distance between the external margin of the umbilical cord and that of the placenta is less than 2 cm [2,3] Marginal Cord Insertion Connection has 1,084 members. Marginal cord insertion is rare, but it does happen. Since its so rare you don't really have many people to talk to about it and it's scary. This is a place where we can talk about those fears and maybe provide comfort, support or even awareness to those who have/had it To assess the impact of a sonographic diagnosis of marginal placental cord insertion on birth weight and duration of pregnancy. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for 100 singleton pregnancies with prospectively identified marginal placental cord insertion. Results. Birth weights below the 10th percentile occurred in 6.25% of.

Umbilical Cord Injuries Birth Injury Safet

The placenta connects to your baby through the umbilical cord. In most pregnancies, the placenta attaches at the top or side of the uterus. Placenta previa (pluh-SEN-tuh PREH-vee-uh) occurs when a baby's placenta partially or totally covers the mother's cervix — the outlet for the uterus. Placenta previa can cause severe bleeding during. Marginal Cord Insertion. Close. 1. Posted by 5 hours ago. Marginal Cord Insertion. I went to my ultrasound appointment and first found out the baby is a GIRL! My boyfriend and I are soo happy and excited its what he was hoping for so bad! But the doctor said I have Marginal Cord Insertion, basically the umbilical cord is attached to the edge of. MCI, marginal cord insertion; VCI, velamentous cord insertion. Discussion Since pregnancies complicated with VCI are at greater risk for adverse perinatal outcome, previous investigators have suggested that the systematic identification of the abnormal CI is an extremely important part of prenatal ultrasound evaluation 3-6

The insertion of the umbilical cord can be central, eccentric (or paracentral), marginal, velamentous, interpositional, furcate or tethered. This chapter discusses the clinical associations and. Marginal Cord Insertion 'I don't want to, please don't make me do this.' I begged them to knock me out and cut me open.': Woman gives birth to baby born sleeping, 'I wondered if I'd ever pull myself out of the darkness'. Marginal cord insertion (MCI) is defined as the insertion of the umbilical cord within a distance of <3 cm from the placental margins [1]. For others, the cord is said to be marginally inserted when the distance between the external margin of the umbilical cord and that of the placenta is less than 2 cm [2-3] Velamentous Cord Insertion and Vasa Previa. DSOG (Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology Approved on January 2018 by the participants at the yearly obstetric guideline meeting in DSOG . Page 1-4: English summary . Page 5-23: The entire guideline in Danish including references . Velamentous Cord Insertion (VCI) Summary of evidence Evidence.

umbilical cord insertion - Humpath

Third stage of labor risks in velamentous and marginal

Marginal cord insertion - Expecting a baby - BabyCenter

When the placenta initially implants lower in the uterus, it is necessary to grow toward more vascular areas, leading to the insertion of the cord becoming marginal or velamentous. When umbilical vessels insert onto the membranes, they have lost the protection of Wharton's jelly, making them at-risk for injury What is marginal cord insertion? Posted on Tue, 21 Mar 2017 . Question: How serious is marginal insertion of the cord? I had this discovered at 20 weeks and have been told to come back for a scan at 32 weeks to see if there are any affects. Should I be worried or is this condition common and usually no serious implication A c-section is only required if the cord is near the cervix, which is called vasa previa (which, unfortunately is often discussed in articles along with marginal/velamentous cord insertion, although they are separate issues)

Variation in cord insertion Radiology Reference Article

marginal umbilical cord insertion. A 32-year-old female asked: i was diagnosed with marginal cord insertion with valementous vessels. does this mean i have a marginal insertion or valementous insertion. outcome? Dr. Jeff Livingston answered. 21 years experience Obstetrics and Gynecology My baby B has marginal cord insertion, the cord is on the side of the placenta. This is not the more serious cord issue where the cord isn't attached at all. My Peri is closely watching development of the cord because the marginal insertion puts me at risk for not having a normal cord CONCLUSIONS: Marginal and especially velamentous cord insertion is associated with an increased risk of hemorrhage in the third stage of labor, need for manual removal of the placenta and curettage. Anomalous cord insertion can be identified prenatally and so possibly influence obstetric management At delivery, umbilical cords were labeled to identify the first-and second-born twin. The prospective study protocol for ultrasound and placental examination was published previously. 11 The type of abnormal umbilical cord insertion, velamentous or marginal insertion (within 1 cm of placental margin), was recorded Marginal Cord Insertion: What does it actually mean? Let me guess, you went to your baby's ultrasound only to hear a completely new word: marginal cord insertion. It sounds scary, no, actually you. Read More » January 6, 2021 No Comments Postpartum Recovery Essentials.

Fetal membranes , placenta and twins

Marginal Cord Insertion Placenta Experience Pregnancy

Marginal Cord Insertion (Battledore Placenta

Marginal cord insertion? I went in for my 20 weeks ultrasound today. The doctor said that the baby looks healthy and is measuring the right size and everything looks good. He then told me that the cord is not where it should be on the placenta. Yes, I had a marginal cord with my first one. They did not know it until after she was born. Eat. MARGINAL PCI No need for follow-up unless the cord is immediately adjacent to the placental edge. DICTATE: The cord enters the placenta __cm from the edge. No followup is necessary. If the PCI is at the edge then dictate: The PCI is at the placental edge consistent with marginal/velamentous cord insertion. Recommend followup at 28 week Velamentous and marginal umbilical cords are uncommon abnormalities of placental cord insertion that can entail significant fetal risk. We undertook this investigation to assess the ability of prenatal sonography to reveal abnormal insertions of the umbilical cord into the placenta

Velamentous Cord Insertion

Velamentous or marginal cord insertion and the risk of

Inj lower spinl cord and nrv at abd, low back and pelv level; any associated:; fracture of vertebra (S22.0-, S32.0-); open wound of abdomen, lower back and pelvis (S31.-); transient paralysis (R29.5); Code to highest level of lumbar cord injury; Injuries to the spinal cord (S34.0 and S34.1) refer to the cord level and not bone level injury, and. Read 161: Is velamentous/marginal cord insertion associated with adverse outcomes in singletons?, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips Ideally, when a marginal cord insertion is identified the vessels should be followed off the disk until they clearly join the portion of the umbilical cord that floats freely in the amniotic fluid to exclude the presence of a VCI. Kuwata et al 21 made an analogy to a mangrove tree, where the trunk of the tree (umbilical cord) is connected to.

Anomalies of the Placenta - Nursing CribLecture4

What does marginal cord insertion mean? What are the risks

Velamentous cord insertion abbreviated as VCI is an abnormal cord condition that happens during the pregnancy of a woman, in which the umbilical cord is noted to be inserted into the chorioamniotic membranes, as it travels within the membranes going to the placenta, just between the amnion and chorionic sites Marginal Cord Insertion...redundant codes? Hello, O36.51_ _ Maternal care for known or suspected placental insufficiency O43.19_ Other malformation of placenta There is no exact code for Marginal Cord Insertion. Both of these codes are being currently used for ultrasound. I am thinking.. Centric and eccentric insertions are defined as UCI into the disc of the placenta, whereas marginal is UCI within 2 cm of the disc edge. Velamentous is UCI directly into the membranes. With regard to UCI, centric or eccentric insertion is considered normal, whereas marginal or velamentous insertion is abnormal

Outcome of pregnancies with marginal umbilical cord insertion

Marginal Cord Insertion: Images Above. Gross placental specimen demonstrating a marginal CI (cord insertion) of the umbilical cord. Care should Marginal cord insertion (MCI) is defined as insertion <2cm from placental margin Occurs in approximately 7% of singleton pregnancies; Using digital imaging, Ismail et al. (American Journal of Perinatology, 2017), measured placental cord insertion (PCI) site - placental margin distance post-delivery to determine accurate associations between. Marginal cord insertion Marginal cord insertion is the insertion of the edge of the placenta and is observed in 2-15% of cases. Clinical bleeding can occur through small, which make differential diagnosis problem with placenta previa Brody S, Frenkel DA. Marginal insertion of the cord and premature labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1953;65:1305. Pretorius DH, Chau C, Poelyler DM et.al. Placental cord insertion visualization with prenatal ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med 1996;15:585-593. Monie IW. Velamentous insertion of the cord in early pregnancy

battledore placenta - Liberal Dictionary

Marginal and Velamentous Cord Insertions: A True Story of

Introduction. The placental cord insertion site (PCI) is a recommended component of the level II anatomic survey [] and assessment is feasible in the mid-trimester [2,3].Abnormal PCI location is typically characterized as marginal if the distance from the PCI site is less than 2 cm from the edge of the chorionic disc or velamentous if the cord is inserting into the placental membranes Trusted health information for a better life on health, wellness, diseases, surgical and radiology procedures, lab tests, first aid, nutrition and green living A marginal cord insertion, also known as a battledore placenta, may confer a slight increase in the risk for adverse pregnancy outcomeslike placental abruption, placenta previa, preterm labor, fetal distress and intrauterine growth restriction [2-4]. A bilobed placenta with abnormal cord insertion is even less common Numerous studies have addressed the significance of marginal and membranous umbilical cord (UC) insertion. Recent reports suggest that an eccentrically inserted UC may also be important. This case-control study assessed the potential relevance of peripheral insertion of UC (PIUC), defined as <3 cm.

Abnormal (Velamentous) Cord Insertion

The insertion of the umbilical cord can be central, eccentric (or paracentral), marginal, velamentous, interpositional, furcate or tethered. This chapter discusses the clinical associations and risks of each type of insertion Velamentous insertion of umbilical cord: An abnormal condition in which the umbilical cord does not insert into the placental mass but, instead, traverses the fetal membranes before it inserts into the umbilical cord. The main danger is vasa previa, a condition in which the blood vessels may be lodged between the fetus and the entrance to the birth canal Membranous vessels adjacent to marginal cord insertions are common. Marginal and velamentous cords may be less mobile and more prone to compromise. The infants are slightly smaller on average. In many of the very peripheral insertions, there are a reduced number of fetal surface vessel branches. Figure 3.23. Cord insertion into the free.

Abnormal cord insertions and assessing true risk Indie Birt

Marginal / velamentous cord insertion - posted in Pregnancy: Tips, Questions and Information: Hi thereI am currently 21w2d pg. When I saw my obstetrician yesterday he told me that the ultrasound. The placenta was delivered with gentle cord traction, without cord avulsion. NICU was in attendance but the infant remained in the wellborn nursery, doing well and discharged on the third day of life. Figure 1 depicts the velamentous cord insertion from this case placental cord insertion over thecourse of pregnancy [3]. Withsonography andcolorDoppler imag-ing,theplacental cordinsertion canoftenbe identified prenatally. The purpose of our study wastoassess theability ofsonography torevealabnormal cordinsertions. Subjects and Methods Weprospectively evaluated theplacental cord insertion. The umbilical cord is inserted in most cases in this part of the placenta in a slightly eccentric position, but there are other types of insertion such as marginal cord insertion, where the cord is attached to the side, or velamentous cord insertion, where the umbilical vessels are separated in the membranes at a certain distance from the placental margin, where they arrive surrounded only by.

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